Arthrodesis is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones via surgery. This is done to relieve intractable pain in a joint which cannot be managed by pain medication, splints, or other normally-indicated treatments. The typical causes of such pain are fractures which disrupt the joint, and arthritis. It is most commonly performed on joints in the spine, hand, ankle and foot. Historically, knee and hip arthrodeses were also performed as pain relieving procedures, however with the great successes achieved in hip and knee arthroplasty, arthrodesis of these large joints has fallen out of favor as a primary procedure, and now are only used as procedures of last-resort in some failed joint replacements.
Arthrodesis Can Be Done in Several Ways:
- A bone graft can be created between the two bones using a bone from elsewhere in the person’s body (autograft) or using donor bone (allograft) from a bone bank.
- Metal implants can be attached to the two bones to hold them together in a position which favors bone growth.
- New technology has been scientifically proven to be osteoinductive by Allograph Research Technologies. This allows the use of bone from tissue banks to be readily available and ground using a patented composite technology that aids in the advanced healing of bone related surgery and growth.
At the completion of surgery and healing, which takes place over a period of several weeks to over a year, the two adjoining bones are fused and no motion takes place between them.
Conditions Treated By Arthrodesis
Symptoms Treated By Arthrodesis
Stiffness in joints