A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured in any number of ways (cross-wise, lengthwise, in the middle).
Fractures can happen in a variety of ways, but there are three common causes:
- Trauma accounts for most fractures. For example, a fall, a motor vehicle accident or a tackle during a football game can all result in a fracture.
- Osteoporosis also can contribute to fractures. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that results in the “thinning” of the bone. The bones become fragile and easily broken.
- Overuse sometimes results in stress fractures. These are common among athletes.
There are five types of fractures:
- Closed or simple fracture. The bone is broken, but the skin is not lacerated.
- Open or compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture.
- Transverse fracture. The fracture is at right angles to the long axis of the bone.
- Greenstick fracture. Fracture on one side of the bone, causing a bend on the other side of the bone.
- Comminuted fracture. A fracture that results in three or more bone fragments.
Symptoms of Fracture
Fractured means broken. Whether you have a complete or a partial fracture, you have a broken bone.